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Why do tyres wear unevenly?



What Causes Uneven tyre Wear?


Constantly in contact with the road, your tyres play a vital role in the ride, handling, braking and steering of your vehicle. Irregular tyre wear, either across the tyre tread or around the circumference of the tyre , is an indication that there may be a problem that needs to be addressed. Uneven tyre wear can be caused by:

  • Driving habits
  • Bad wheel alignment
  • Improper tyre size or pressure settings
  • Worn shocks and struts
  • Unbalanced wheels or tyres
  • Bent or damaged wheels
  • Worn or damaged suspension or steering components


Driving Habits


How you drive can influence how your tyres wear. Abrupt turns, lane changes, accelerating too fast or slamming on your brakes could result in flat-spotting (excessive tread-loss on concentrated areas of the tyre ), causing premature wear. Go over a curb at the wrong angle and the impact could bruise or damage the “carcass” or internal structure of the tyre , leading to side-wall damage or bulging.

You may also scrape rubber off the tyre which will lead to uneven tyre wear. Do your best to avoid running over road debris and obstacles like potholes, broken glass and road kill; these all can cause abrasion, which leads to unexpected tyre failure. Examining and adjusting your driving habits can help increase the lifespan of your tyres.


Improper tyre size or pressure settings


Under-inflated or over-inflated tyres can cause irregular tyre wear across the width of the tyre tread. If your tyre shows more wear in the center of the tread than at the two sides, it has been over-inflated; if the two sides of the tread are worn more than the center, the tyre was under-inflated.

Proper inflation according to your owner’s manual recommendations will prevent the irregular wear from continuing. The best way to avoid this problem is to check your tyre pressure once a month and adjust it accordingly. To make this easier, many late model vehicles monitor tyre pressure and will alert you if the pressure in a tyre is low. If the ture pressure light is illuminated, take care of it right away. As an added bonus, properly inflated tyres will maximise your fuel economy.

For those who tow or have hardworking vehicles, the tyre pressure should be adjusted based on the weight of the load. There is typically a higher pressure with more load, and less pressure when unloaded.



Worn Shocks and Struts


Shocks and struts help ensure consistent tyre-to-road contact that is so important for optimal performance. When your vehicle’s shocks and struts are worn out, the car can bounce, causing the tyres to leave the road. This bouncing can cause cupping or scalloping of the tyres which is when pieces of rubber are gouged out of the tyre. Unbalanced wheels or worn suspension components can also cause inconsistent tyre cupping and in rare cases evenly distributed cupping.

In addition, on many newer vehicles with advanced suspension geometry, you may notice accelerated tyre wear in lieu of traditional tyre cupping.



Unbalanced Wheels or tyres


An unbalanced wheel and tyre assembly, or a tyre with excessive road force variation, can also cause uneven tyre wear. An unbalanced tyre can cause vibration when a wheel and tyre doesn’t rotate smoothly about the axle; it may hop up and down or wobble from side-to-side as it rotates. The solution is to have your service provider balance your wheel and tyre assemblies.




Bent or Damaged Wheels


Hitting a pothole is not only annoying; it can bend a steel or aluminum wheel rim or may cause a crack to form in a portion of the wheel. Either instance may cause a vibration in the tyre as it rotates, resulting in irregular tyre tread wear. A wheel inspection by your service provider can tell you if this is the cause of your irregular tyre wear.



Worn or Damaged Suspension or Steering Components


Suspension components like ball joints, tie rod ends, control arms, control arm bushings and wheel bearings are designed to hold your wheel and tyre securely in position. If any of these parts or worn, this can result in uneven tyre wear. Since the wheel and tyre are no longer held securely the wear typically results in sporadic tyre wear patterns. Have your service provider conduct a thorough inspection of your steering and suspension system to ensure that everything is in proper working condition.



Preventing tyre Wear Problems


The best way to prevent uneven tyre wear is to check the pressure in your tyres monthly and visually inspect your tyres on a regular basis. When taking your vehicle in for regular maintenance, ask your service provider to check the wheel alignment and wheel balance according to the manufacturer’s recommendations listed in your owner’s manual. If you notice that your tyres are wearing unevenly, be sure to make an appointment with your service provider to pinpoint the source of the problem at your earliest convenience.



The content contained in this article is for informational purposes only and should not be used in lieu of seeking professional advice from a certified technician or mechanic. We encourage you to consult with a certified technician or mechanic if you have specific questions or concerns relating to any of the topics covered herein. Under no circumstances will we be liable for any loss or damage caused by your reliance on any content.


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